英语常用不规则动词大全,拿走不谢!-搜狐教育

发布时间:2016-01-16 11:02:54
英语常用不规则动词大全,拿走不谢!-搜狐教育

  英语中有许多不规则动词,它们不能简单通过加ed来获得过去式,你知道的这些不规则动词有哪些呢?看看下面的不规则动词变化大全,查漏补缺吧!

  ★记忆法一:常见93个不规则动词的变化规律归纳如下:

  一、A?A?A型,即原形、过去式和过去分词三者都相同。(共9个)

  cost?cost?cost

  cut?cut?cut

  hit?hit?hit hurt?hurt?hurt

  let?let? let

  put?put?put

  read?read?read

  set?set?set

  shut?shut?shut

  二、A?B?B型,即过去式、过去分词相同。(共41个)

  1过去式和过去分词都含有 -ought。(3个)

  bring?brought?brought

  buy? bought?bought

  think?thought?thought

  2 词尾有-ild,-end时,只需把d变为t。(4个)

  build?built?built

  lend?lent? lent

  send?sent?sent

  spend?spent? spent

  3过去式、过去分词都含有 -aught。(2个)

  catch?caught?caught

  teach?taught?taught

  4把-eep变为-ept。(3个)

  keep?kept?kept

  sleep?slept?slept

  sweep? swept?swept

  5把-ell变为-old。(2个)

  tell?told?told

  sell?sold?sold

  6过去式、过去分词都含有-elt或-ilt。(4个)

  smell?smelt?smelt

  spell?spelt?spelt

  feel?felt? felt

  spill?spilt?spilt

  7过去式、过去分词都在原形词尾加t。(3个)

  learn?learnt?learnt

  mean?meant?meant

  spoil?spoilt?spoilt

  8过去式、过去分词词尾是d。(4个)

  say?said?said

  pay?paid?paid

  lay?laid?laid

  hear?heard?heard

  9改变元音字母。(11个)

  meet?met?met

  get?got?got

  sit?sat?sat

  find? found?found

  hold?held?held

  spit?spat?spat

  shine? shone?shone

  win?won?won

  hang?hung?hung

  dig? dug?dug

  lose?lost?lost

  10改变辅音字母。(1个)

  make?made?made

  11改变元、辅音字母。(4个)

  leave?left?left

  stand?stood?stood

  have(has)? had?had

  understand?understood?understood

  三、A?B?C型,即原形、过去式、过去分词都不相同。(共35个)

  1 i?a?u变化。(6个)

  begin?began?begun

  drink?drank?drunk

  sing? sang?sung

  ring?rang?rung

  swim?swam?swum

  sink? sank?sunk

  2 词尾为-ow,-aw时,过去式将其变为-ew,过去分词在其原形后加n。(5个)

  blow?blew?blown

  draw?drew?drawn

  grow? grew?grown

  know?knew?known

  throw?threw?thrown(show除外)

  3 词尾为“i+辅(1个)+e”,过去式将i变为o,过去分词多在原形后加n,若那个辅音字母为d或t,须双写d或t后加n。(4个)(give,hide除外)

  drive?drove?driven

  write?wrote?written

  ride? rode?ridden

  rise?rose?risen

  4 过去分词在过去式后加(e)n。(5个)

  break?broke?broken

  choose?chose?chosen

  freeze?froze?frozen

  speak?spoke?spoken

  wake?woke? woken

  5 过去分词由过去式加-ten构成。(1个)

  forget?forgot?forgotten

  6 过去分词由原形加(e)n构成。(6个)

  be?was(were)?been

  eat?ate?eaten

  fall?fell?fallen

  give?gave?given

  see?saw?seen

  hide?hid?hidden(hid)

  7 词尾为-ake时,过去式将其变为-ook,过去分词在原形词后加-n。(2个)

  take?took?taken

  mistake?mistook?mistaken

  8 原形、过去式和过去分词都不相同。(6个)

  do?did?done

  fly?flew?flown

  go?went?gone

  lie?lay?lain

  show?showed?shown

  wear?wore?worn

  四、A?A?B型,即过去式和原形相同。(1个)

  beat?beat?beaten

  五、A?B?A型,即过去分词和原形相同。(3个)

  come?came?come

  become?became?become

  run? ran?run

  六、情态动词型,只有原形和过去式,没有过去分词。(4个)

  can?could

  may?might

  will?would

  shall?should

  ★记忆法二:不规则动词相对于规则动词来说,难记得多,是最难对付的一类词。学生难学,老师难教。幸好它们不是杂乱无章的,可根据其中的一些内部规律来记忆。下面给大家介绍一种归纳记忆法,以期大家在攻克这一难关时,能收到事半功倍的效果。

  一、 原形、过去式、过去分词相同:

  cost/cut/hit/hurt/let/put/read/shut

  (细心的你一定会发现,这些词中大多数是以字母t结尾的。)

  二、 原形、过去式相同,过去分词不同:

  beat/beat/beaten

  三、 原形、过去分词相同,过去式不同:

  come/came/come become/became/become run/ran/run

  (come,become,属不规则变化,但welcome属规则动词,其过去式、过去分词为:welcomed,welcomed)

  四、 过去式,过去分词相同:

  (1) 去掉字母组合ee中的一个e

  meet/met/met feed/fed/fed

  (2) 去掉字母组合ee中的一个e,然后再在词尾加t

  feel/felt/felt sleep/slept/slept

  keep/kept/kept sweep/swept/swept

  (3) 词尾为的ll 去掉一个l加t

  spell/spelt/spelt smell/smelt/smelt spill/spilt/spilt

  (4) 过去式和过去分词以aught或 ought结尾

  catch/caught/caught teach/taught/taught bring/brought/brought

  buy/bought/bought think/thought/thought

  (5) 将stand改为stood

  stand/stood/stood understand/understood/understood

  (6) 将ay改为aid

  lay/laid/laid pay/paid/paid say/said/said

  (7) 将d改为t

  lend/lent/lent send/sent/sent

  spend/spent/spent build/built/built

  (8) 将i改为a , o, u等

  sit/sat/sat spit/spat/spat

  dig/dug/dug win/won/won

  (9) 将ell改为old

  tell/told/told sell/sold/sold

  (10) 词尾加t

  learn/learnt/learnt mean/meant/meant

  dream/dreamt/dreamt spoil/spoilt/spoilt

  (11) 有两种过去式和过去分词, 一种是不规则的, 一种是规则的:

  learn/learnt/learnt learn/learned/learned

  shine/shone/shone shine/shined/shined

  hang/hung/hung hang/hanged/hanged

  smell/smelt/smelt smell/smelled/smelled

  burn/burnt/burnt burn/burned/burned

  light/lii/lit light/lighted/lighted

  (12) 其它

  have(has)/had/had hear/heard/heard

  shoot/shot/shot lose/lost/lost

  hold/held/held get/got/got(AmE gotten)

  find/found/found make/made/made

  leave/left/left

  五、三者均不同:

  (1) 过去式以ew结尾、过去分词以own结尾

  blow/blew/blown fly/flew/flown

  grow/grew/grown know/knew/known

  throw/threw/thrown

  值得注意的是:

  show/showed/shown或showed draw/drew/drawn

  (2)改i为a变成过去式、改i为u变成过去分词

  begin/began/begun drink/drank/drunk

  ring/rang/rung sing/sang/sung

  swim/swam/swum sink/sank/sunk

  (3)改i为o变成过去式,过去分词以n结尾

  drive/drove/driven write/wrote/written

  rise/rose/risen ride/rode/ridden

  (4) 原形后加n变成过去分词

  drive/drove/driven rise/rose/risen eat/ate/eaten

  give/gave/given fall/fell/fallen

  (5) 过去式后加n变成过去分词

  break/broke/broken choose/chose/chosen

  freeze/froze/frozen mistake/mistook/mistaken

  steal/stole/stolen speak/spoke/spoken

  take/took/taken wake/woke/woken(或woke)

  (6)其它

  be/was或were/been do/did/done forget/forgot/forgotten

  go/went/gone hide/hid/hidden see/saw/seen

  wear/wore/worn

  六、 有两种过去式和过去分词,但词义相同。

  wake/woke/woken (或woke) wake/waked/waked

  sink/sank/sunk sink/sunk/sunken

  七、动词因其过去式、过去分词有两种形式而产生不同词义:

  shine、hang的两种过去式和过去分词:

  shone/shone照耀 shined/shined擦亮

  hung/hung悬挂 hanged/hanged绞死

  八、两个既可以做过去式,又可以做动词原形的词

  lie躺卧lay/lain/lying(现在分词)

  lay放,下蛋laid/laid/laying

  find 找到、发现find/found/found

  found 创建,成立 found/founded/founded

  九、根据动词之间的词义联系来记忆

  (一)词义相对:

  (1) come/came/come来?? go/went/gone去

  (2) give/gave/given给??get/got/got(AmE gotten)获得

  (3) sleep/slept/slept睡觉?wake/woke/woken (或woke)

  或wake/waked/waked 醒来

  (4) rise/rose/risen上升、上涨、升起??fall/fell/fallen下降、落下、倒下

  sink/sank/sunk sink/sunk/sunken 沉下, (使)下沉

  (5) buy/bought/bought买?? sell/sold/sold出售, 卖

  (6) take/took/taken带去??bring/brought/brought 带来

  (7) teach/taught/taught教??learn/learnt/learnt

  或learn/learned/learned学习、学会

  (8) lose/lost/lost丢失、失败??find/found/found找到

  win/won/won赢得、(获)胜

  (9) stand/stood/stood站、立??sit/sat/sat坐

  (10) send/sent/sent 送、寄、发送??get/got/got获得、收到

  (二)词义相近:

  (1) beat/beat/beaten 打, 打败 win/won/won赢得、获胜

  (2) understand/understood/understood 懂, 了解

  know/knew/known 知道, 了解, 认识

  (3) get/got/got(AmE gotten)变成、成为、变得

  become/became/become 变成, 成为, 变得

  go/went/gone变成turn/turned/turned变成

  (4) spend/spent/spent 花费、度过

  pay/paid/paid 支付、交纳

  cost/cost/cost花费、价值为

  take/took/taken花费

  (5) say/said/said说、讲

  speak/spoke/spoken说、演讲

  tell/told/told 告诉、说、吩咐、断定

  talk/talked/talked谈话, 讲, 谈论, 议论

  ★记忆法三:

  1.无变化,过去式与原形相同。

  let→let, put→put, hit→hit, must→must, set→set, beat→beat, cast→cast, cost→cost, cut→cut, hurt→hurt, read→red, shut→shut

  (shed→shed split→split spread→spread burst→burst)

  2.元音字母的变化。

  i→a: begin→began, drink→drank, ring→rang, sing→sang, swim→swam, give→gave, sit→sat, sink→sank

  i→o: drive→drove, ride→rode, shine→shone, write→wrote, rise→rose, win→won,

  (strive→strove arise→arose)

  i→ou: find→found (wind→wound, bind→bound, grind→ground)

  a→oo: take→took, shake→shook

  e→o: get→got, forget→forgot

  o→a: come→came, become→became

  oo→o: shoot→shot, choose→chose

  3.元音字母组合的变化。

  aw/ow/y→ew:draw→drew, blow→blew, grow→grew, know→knew, throw→threw, fly→flew

  4.元音字母和辅音字母都有变化。

  (1) sell→sold, tell→told, retell→retold

  (2) say→said, pay→paid, lay→laid, relay→relaid

  (3) sweep→swept, keep→kept, sleep→slept, creep→crept

  (4) bring→brought, buy→bought, think→thought, fight→fought

  (5) catch→caught, teach→taught

  (6) can→could, will→would, shall→should

  5.辅音字母变化。

  (1)build→built, send→sent, bend→bent, lend→lent, rend→rent, spend→spent

  (2)make→made, have→had, hear→heard

  (3)mean→meant, learn→learnt

  --------------------

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